Victoria Peach Tree
The Victoria peach tree, introduced in 2018 by the New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station at Rutgers University, is a late-season variety renowned for its large, yellow peaches with a 40% red blush and firm, flavorful flesh. For USDA zones 5-9, these vigorous trees can withstand winter temperatures down to -20°F, but they are vulnerable to late frosts in colder climates, so consider a sheltered location or frost protection. Choose a sunny, well-drained site, amend the soil with compost or manure, dig a hole twice the diameter of the root ball, place the tree inside, backfill, tamping down to eliminate air pockets, and water well. A balanced fertilizer should be applied in the spring, especially during the first growing season. Late winter or early spring is the best time for pruning to shape and remove dead or diseased branches. Peaches are usually ready for harvest when fully ripe and aromatic, and can be gently twisted off the branch when fully ripe.
- Hardiness Zones: 5-9
- Pollination: Self Fertile
- Disease Resistance: good disease resistance
- Harvest Period: 47 days after Redhaven
How to Water a Victoria Peach Tree
- Water your tree with a garden hose or a watering can.
- Water the tree deeply when you see the soil has dried out.
- Additionally, water the tree slowly and evenly all around the root zone.
- In fact, avoid splashing the leaves with water, as this can cause fungal diseases.
- Let the soil dry out between waterings.
- Mulch around the base of the tree in order to help retain moisture and reduce weed growth.
- Lastly, provide supplemental water during periods of drought or dry weather.
- Follow this link for more detailed instructions on how to water a peach tree.
Planting and Caring for a Victoria Peach Tree
- Upon arrival, keep peach trees in a cool, shaded place. Soak in water for 6-24 hours if in transit for over 4 days. If delayed planting, keep roots moist and in plastic wrap.
- Choose well-draining, loamy soil with slight acidity (pH 6.0-6.5). Test soil, add compost for nutrients, and till for better root growth.
- Dig a hole 18” deep and wide, keeping soaked tree roots nearby.
- Form a cone of soil in the hole, ensuring roots spread downwards. Trim roots if needed. Grafted tree’s union should be 2 inches above ground.
- For dwarf or semi-dwarf trees, install a sturdy 8’-10’ stake next to the tree.
- Fill hole halfway with dug-out soil, press down with feet, avoiding fertilizer in root area. Complete filling and press soil again.
- Water with 1-2 gallons immediately after planting. Water 1-2 times a week for the first year, adjust after establishment.
- Shape the tree into an open center/vase form. Remove lower branches and central growth, leaving 3-5 main branches.
- Use tree guards to fend off rodents. Mulch around the base for moisture retention and weed prevention, avoiding direct contact with the trunk.
- Remember that planting should be enjoyable and a shared experience. Have fun learning and growing together!
- For more detailed instructions on how to plant a peach tree, follow this article.
What is a Rootstock?
A rootstock controls the tree’s size, precocity, cold hardiness, and partly its disease resistance (such as fireblight). In order to grow a reliable and high quality fruit tree, growers graft the scion, which is above the ground and responsible for the fruit’s characteristics and disease resistance, onto the rootstock, which is underground.
How to Choose a Rootstock?
A rootstock that grows well in one location, may not grow well in another. Therefore you must consider your specific site considerations before choosing a rootstock. When choosing a rootstock, some considerations for growers are
- what size tree is optimal for your site
- how well the rootstock adapts to your soil
- the disease pressure on your site
- how well the rootstock anchors
- precocity (bearing fruit at a younger age)
If you are new to rootstock, don’t worry! We aim to grow our trees on reliable and virus free rootstocks.
How to Prune a Victoria Peach Tree?
For more detailed instruction on how to prune fruit trees, follow this article.
- First, prune Victoria Peach Tree in late winter or early spring, before it begins to flower.
- Cut off any dead, diseased, or damaged branches.
- Remove any crossing, upright, and downward branches, leaving branches that grow outward.
- Prune to an open center or modified central leader shape.
- Cut back branches that are too long or have grown too close to the ground.
- Thin out the branches to allow more air and light to penetrate the center of the tree.
- Remove any suckers (new shoots growing from the base of the tree)
- Lastly, prune with a smile on your face and enjoy the beauty of your tree!