Van cherry originated in Summerland, British Columbia, Canada, by A.J. Mann. Cross made in 1936, selected in 1942, and introduced in 1944 as an open-pollinated seedling of Empress Eugenie. The fruit is similar to the Bing and has medium size. It is sweet and good for fresh eating, canning, and freezing. Blooming and harvesting time match with Bing, but it comes bearing stage 1-3 years earlier than Bing. It requires 700 Chill hours. The tree is vigorous and upright. It considers heavy annual bearer and withstands harsher climatic conditions better than other sweet cherries. S genotype of Van is S1,S3 . The good cross pollinators are Bing, Black Tartarian, Deacon, Lambert, Lapins, Napoleon, Craig’s Crimson, Rainier, Royal Ann, Sam, and Stella. It is excellent pollinator for Bing and Lambert and most other sweet cherry varieties. Van named in honor of J. R. Van Haarlen, who worked for Horticultural Experimental Station, Vineland, Ontario. It is hardy and grown zones 4-9.
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