Jersey Mac Apple Tree
The Jersey Mac apple tree produces a McIntosh style apple which is crisp, aromatic and juicy. As a result it is a great choice for eating fresh, as well as for cooking and baking. The apples are typically medium-sized and round with a bright red blush. Additionally, it is a moderately vigorous and upright spreading tree. When planting a Jersey Mac apple tree, it’s important to choose a location that receives plenty of sunlight and has well-draining soil. The tree should be spaced at least 15 feet apart from other trees to allow for proper growth and development. The exact spacing also depends on the size of the tree. Moreover, regular pruning can help ensure healthy growth and a bountiful harvest.
- Hardiness Zones: 5-8
- Pollination: In order for this tree to bear fruit, it will need another apple tree variety that blooms during the same time. Dolgo crabapple can be a good pollinator.
- Harvest Period: one month before McIntosh
- Storage: Keeps for about 4 weeks in cold storage
In 1971, the Jersey Mac apple tree was created at the Rutgers Agricultural Experiment Station in New Jersey, USA. This was accomplished by crossbreeding NJ-24, which is a combination of several different apple varieties including Melba, Wealthy, Starr, and Red Rome, with July Red.
How to Water a Jersey Mac Apple Tree
- Water your tree with a garden hose or a watering can.
- Water the tree deeply when you see the soil has dried out.
- Additionally, water the tree slowly and evenly all around the root zone.
- In fact, avoid splashing the leaves with water, as this can cause fungal diseases.
- Let the soil dry out between waterings.
- Mulch around the base of the tree in order to help retain moisture and reduce weed growth.
- Lastly, provide supplemental water during periods of drought or dry weather.
- Follow this link for more detailed instructions on how to water an apple tree.
Planting and Caring for a Jersey Mac Apple Tree
- 1. Choose a sunny spot in your yard that is sheltered from the wind. Make sure the soil is well-draining.
- 2. Dig a hole twice as wide and just as deep as the root ball of your tree.
- 3. Remove the tree from the container and place it in the hole. Make sure the top of the root ball is level with the soil.
- 4. Backfill the hole with the soil you removed earlier and pat it down firmly.
- 5. Water the tree deeply and mulch the area around the trunk in a 3-4 inch layer.
- 6. Prune the branches to the desired shape and size.
- 7. Feed the tree with a fertilizer designed for fruit trees.
- 8. Watch your Jersey Mac apple tree thrive in its happy home.
- For more detailed instruction on how to plant an apple tree, follow this article.
What is a Rootstock?
A rootstock controls the tree’s size, precocity, cold hardiness, and partly its disease resistance (such as fireblight). In order to grow a reliable and high quality fruit tree, growers graft the scion, which is above the ground and responsible for the fruit’s characteristics and disease resistance, onto the rootstock, which is underground.
How to Choose a Rootstock?
A rootstock that grows well in one location, may not grow well in another. Therefore you must consider your specific site considerations before choosing a rootstock. When choosing a rootstock, some considerations for growers are
- what size tree is optimal for your site
- how well the rootstock adapts to your soil
- the disease pressure on your site
- how well the rootstock anchors
- precocity (bearing fruit at a younger age)
If you are new to rootstock, don’t worry! We aim to grow our trees on reliable and virus free rootstocks. From our experience growing in New York, we have found the Budagovsky, Geneva, and EMLA series to be great options since they are virus free and produce very healthy trees.
How to Prune a Jersey Mac Apple Tree?
- First, prune the Jersey Mac apple tree in late winter or early spring, before it begins to flower.
- Cut off any dead, diseased, or damaged branches.
- Remove any crossing branches.
- Prune the central leader (main trunk) and any upright branches, leaving branches that grow outward.
- Cut back branches that are too long or have grown too close to the ground.
- Thin out the branches to allow more air and light to penetrate the center of the tree.
- Prune the sides of the tree to shape it and keep it to a desired size.
- Remove any suckers (new shoots growing from the base of the tree)
- Lastly, prune with a smile on your face and enjoy the beauty of your tree!
- For more detailed instruction on how to prune an apple tree, follow this article.