Duchess of Oldenburg Apple Tree Overview
The Duchess of Oldenburg (a.k.a. Oldenburg, Duchess, Borowitsky, Charlamowsky, …) apple tree seems like a unique name for an apple tree and it really is! This special apple variety comes from Moscow, Russia from the 1700s. It’s refreshing taste was one factor as to why it was so popular and spread quickly across Europe. It was originally named after Catherine Pavlovna, the Grand Duchess of Oldenburg. Fun fact is that she was the sister of Tzar Alexander and granddaughter of Catherine the Great! Today, it’s a very popular apple tree variety and is cultivated in Europe and United States.
Duchess of Oldenburg is an upright spreading tree, moderately vigorous and can grow quite tall in height (up to 22 feet!) It grows fruit on spurs. With beautiful white flowers, this tree can be a beautiful addition to your backyard or orchard. This apple tree variety can be grown pure from seed. It is suitable for temperate climates and can withstand cold winters. Some great benefits of this tree variety are that it has somewhat good disease resistance to many apple diseases and easy very easy to cultivate.
- Uses: Makes wonderful apple sauce/puree and dessert! Once ripe the apple is great for fresh eating
- Taste: Tender and crisp, juicy. Refreshing taste and quite aromatic
- Size: Medium to large
- Color: red and orange streaked fruit, cream/pale yellow flesh
- Hardiness Zones: 3-8
- Disease resistance:
- Scab – some susceptibility
- Fire blight – very susceptible
- Canker – resistant
- Prone to collar rot
- Harvest period: 4, early season
- Flowering period: early-mid season
- Flowering Group: 2
- Cross pollinates with: Rubinette, Alkmene, to name a few!
- Cultivation: This apple tree is moderately vigorous. It starts to produce fruit very young and bears fruit annually.
- Storage: You can store the fruit for up to one month
- Ease of care: easy