For a plant-lover like you, gardening may be one of the most fulfilling activities. Although it can be a bit tiring, seeing your plants growing well can give you happiness and satisfaction. And if you are growing fruit trees, the fruits of your labor can be even more satisfying and delicious. Knowing what is the best soil for your fruit trees is a must. Not only does the soil store the water and nutrients, but it also serves as the anchorage for the roots.
Aside from ensuring the proper amount of sunlight, nutrients and water, cultivating the best soil for all plants will enable you to have a good quality harvest and avoid damage from root rot or droughts. Although loam soil in general is the best soil for most plants since it holds moisture well and also drains well, there are some variations for each fruit tree. If the soil is too wet, then the chance of root and crown rot increases and root growth is also restricted.
In this article, we will cover
- Types of Soil
- Best Soil for Different Types of Fruit Trees
Types of Soil
Loam soil is a balanced mixture of sand (40%), silt (40%), and clay soil (20%). This type of soil is ideal for outdoor plants since it is not only well-draining but also holds moisture well. It has a damp and fine texture, so it doesn’t easily dry during the summer. Additionally its crumbly texture enables it to have good drainage, retain moisture, and hold nutrients well. This kind of soil is best when it is mixed with organic matter.
Clay soil is rich in nutrients and has plenty of moisture essential for the plants to grow well. The only problem with this kind of soil is that it gets waterlogged quickly because its fine particles are very close together. Even though air and water cannot move quickly through this soil, you can aerate the soil in order to improve its characteristics.
Sandy soil dries quickly and is light and warm. If you water your plant, you will notice that the water drains quickly since this soil absorbs moisture well. However, this soil also holds fewer nutrients as its texture does not bind well. Adding organic matter or fertilizer dramatically improves its water holding capacity and the soil’s nutrients.
Silty soil is easy to cultivate and beneficial for plants if there is good drainage. Its powdery soil is also fertile. Additionally this soil retains moisture and can be easily compacted.
The Best Soil for Different Types of Fruit Trees
Although apple trees can grow in medium textured clays and gravelly sands, they grow best in well-drained loamy soil. Not only does loam soil hold moisture well, but it also drains well. Apple trees also prefer a slightly acidic to neutral soil with a pH between 5.8 – 7.0.
Apricot trees prefer a well-drained loamy soil. They also prefer neutral or slightly alkaline soil with a pH between 6.7 – 7.5.
Cherry trees prefer a fertile, light, sandy soil. If the soil is more compact, then the chance of root and crown rot increases. Cherry trees also prefer slightly acidic soil (6.5) but can grow in soils with a pH between 5.5 – 8.0.
Although mulberry trees can grow in coarse, medium, and fine soils, they prefer moist, well-drained loamy soil. Additionally, they can grow in soils with a pH between 5.0 – 7.0.
Nectarine trees grow best in well-drained sandy soil that has a pH between 6.0 – 7.0.
Peach trees grow best in well-drained loamy soil that has a pH between 6.5 – 7.0. Since peach trees need well-draining soil in order to survive, having two feet of sandy, loamy fertile topsoil will create the ideal condition for growth.
Pear trees grow best in well-drained sandy loam soil that has a pH between 6.0 – 6.5 (although they can also tolerate soils with a pH of 5.0-7.5). However they can also survive in other soils as long as they are well-draining.
Plum trees grow best in well-drained sandy soil that has a pH between 5.5 – 6.5.
Quince trees grow best in well-drained deep loamy soil that has a pH between 6.5 – 7.0. However they can also grow well in many types of soil as long as they are well-draining.
Understanding more about the best soil for plants can help you grow healthier fruit trees with a more abundant harvest. If you would like to discover and grow fruit trees, explore our fruit tree catalog or shop page.