Wyoming Fruit Trees For Sale
Want to know all about growing fruit trees in Wyoming? There are different things to consider for growing and choosing from the right Wyoming fruit trees for sale, such as the
- Soil type
- Growing zones
- How to choose the best suited fruit trees for Wyoming
Filled with indescribable rivers, canyons, and woods, Wyoming is predominantly the ancestral home of the Arapaho, Cheyenne, Crow, Shoshone, and Ute tribes. These native tribes have vast knowledge on how to take care of the land in ways that cultivate biodiversity, protect trees from diseases, and don’t harm nature. After white settlers colonized the region, Wyoming entered as the 44th state in 1890. It gets its name from the Algonquian Indian word, Chwewamink, which means “by the big river flat” (Wyoming is the corrupted english word for this Lenape word). In fact, the Lenape never lived in Wyoming but the name was borrowed from a placename in Pennsylvania. Although the cold and dry environment in Wyoming would make you think that fruit trees can’t easily grow there, there are in fact many fruit trees that grow there! Due to the introduction of many different fruit varieties, Wyoming now has many orchards growing apples, plums, sour cherries, peaches, and many other fruit trees. We have listed some of the best Wyoming fruit trees for sale below.
The climate has a huge influence on fruit trees, just as trees have a large impact on the climate. For example, many fruit trees require a certain number of days of cold temperature in order to bear fruit in the spring (chill hours).
- Wyoming has a continental climate, characterized by hot summers and cold winters, and semi-arid climate, which receive very little precipitation but not as low as desert climates. In fact, semi-arid climates tend to support short or scrubby vegetation and are usually dominated by either grasses or shrubs.
- The high during the summer ranges from the 70s-80s.
- The temperatures change based on the elevation. For example, higher elevation get lower temperatures.
Most fruit trees need mineral-rich, well-draining, and loamy soil.
- Although Wyoming has different types of soil, the state soil is the Forkwood soil. This soil is not only very deep but is also well draining. Additionally this soil is used for livestock grazing and wildlife habitat.
- If you would like to know the soil in your county, check these USDA soil surveys.
If you would like to see what soil type you have in your backyard, you can do a simple squeeze test.
- When you do the squeeze test, you will know that you have loamy soil if after squeezing a handful of moist soil, the soil holds its shape but crumbles after lightly poking.
- If you want to also check for Ph, drainage, worms you can try these DIY easy tests.
Most established fruit trees will need about an inch or so of rainfall every 7-10 days in order to grow and be healthy. Annually this would mean a minimum from 36 – 52 inches of rain. Periods of drought can harm the tree while long periods of rain can cause diseases such as scab and canker for apple trees.
- Wyoming is very dry and gets around 10 inches of rain annually.
- The areas with higher elevation see more precipitation more in the form of snow (as much as 200 inches of snow annually).
- Areas with low elevation, such as the Big Horn Basin, may only receive about 5-8 inches of rain.
Wyoming Growing Zones for Fruit Trees
What is a growing zone?
Growing zones help growers know which trees will thrive in their region. It is defined by the temperature hardiness, or ability to withstand the minimum temperatures of the zone. For example, certain peach trees which can grow in 5-8 growing zones, shouldn’t be planted in zone 3 because they won’t survive the low temperatures.
- Wyoming has growing zones ranging from 3a to 6a.
- The regions that fall in Yellowstone National Park get the lowest temperatures.
The map below shows the growing zones of the different regions in the state, with some regions reaching -40°F and others reaching 5°F. You can find the zone for your zip code here.
Best Wyoming Fruit Trees For Sale
There are many trees that will grow well in Wyoming. In fact throughout the regions, there are already many apple, peach, plum and various other fruit orchards. In order to pick the right trees for your specific location and needs, you should therefore also consider the following characteristics for each tree. You can read more about these considerations here.
- Chill hours
- Disease resistance
- Since Wyoming has lower growing zones, it is better to grow cold hardy varieties. Listed below are some of the cold hardy varieties that can grow well. Additionally here is a resource from the University of Wyoming that may be useful.
- Apple trees (require cross pollination)
- Snowsweet, Zestar, Honeycrisp, Frostbite, Honeygold, Lodi, McIntosh
- Pear Trees
- Summercrisp, Ure, Gourmet, Luscious, Parker, Patten
- Cherry Trees
- Montmorency (sour), North star (sour), Nanking (bush), Sand cherry (bush), Black gold (Sweet), White gold (Sweet)
- Plum (some self-fruitful, others not)
- Superior, Bubblegum, Waneta, Ember, Underwood,
- Chokecherry and raspberry shrubs are native to Wyoming. However you can also grow other berries such as tart cherries, strawberries, and elderberries.
You can read more in our growing guide about how to prune and take care of the trees. If you would like to discover our fruit trees, explore our fruit tree catalog or shop page. Our trees are available for every spring season.