New York Fruit Trees For Sale
Want to know all about growing fruit trees in New York State? There are different things to consider for growing in New York, such as the
- Soil Type
- Growing Zones
- How to choose from the fruit trees for sale that are suited for New York
New York Overview
Filled with indescribable gorges, waterfalls, mountains, and forests, the beautiful New York State is predominantly the ancestral home of the Haudenosaunee and Algonquian tribes. These native tribes have vast knowledge in how to take care of the land and the many trees in ways that cultivate biodiversity, protect the trees from diseases, and don’t harm nature. After white settlers colonized the region, New York became one of the 13 colonies and now is the third most-populous state in the United States, thanks to New York City. Due to the introduction of many different fruit varieties, New York now has many orchards growing apple trees, peach trees, apricot trees, plum trees, pear trees, cherry trees, to name a few. We have listed some of our favorite New York fruit trees for sale below.
In the 1700’s, Prince Nursery in Flushing, New York, was a famous place for plant breeders and collectors to get fruit trees, berry bushes and nut trees. In fact, President George Washington also bought pecan trees there which Lewis and Clark collected in their expedition in Illinois.
Cornell University’s Fruit Trees
In 1880, Cornell University established the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station (now known as Cornell AgriTech in Geneva, NY in order to promote agriculture through scientific experimentation. With about 870 acres of orchards and fields, it not only has the largest apple collection in the world but it also continues to research and provide innovations for growers, including fruit tree growers. In fact, this station has created 68 innovative, crispy, disease resistant apple varieties since 1890, some of which include Empire, Cortland, Jonagold, Freedom, and Snap Dragon. If you would like more information on the creation of new apple varieties at the station check out this article.
Since New York State is a large state, the climate also varies depending on the location. For example, in upstate New York, the temperature becomes much cooler compared to the Hudson Valley and NYC. In the winter the temperature can get as cool as sub-0°F yet in the summers the temperature can rise to the 90’s (although usually summers are mild). New York’s climates include
- Humid continental climate
- Humid subtropical climate
Most fruit trees need mineral-rich, well-drained, and loamy soil. New York, luck would have it, has over half a million acres of Honeoye soil, which New York honors as the state soil because of its fertile and neutral qualities. This soil which gets its name from an Iroquois legend and means “Hay-e-a-yeah” or “where the finger lies” is perfect for planting corn, soybeans, wheat, oats, vegetables, alfalfa, grapes, apples, and grasses for grazing.
- If you would like to see what soil type you have in your backyard, you can do a simple squeeze test.
- When you do the squeeze test, you will know that you have loamy soil if after squeezing a handful of moist soil, the soil holds its shape but crumbles after lightly poking.
- If you want to also check for Ph, drainage, worms you can try these DIY easy tests.
Most established fruit trees will need about an inch or so of rainfall every 7-10 days in order to grow and be healthy. Annually this would mean anywhere from 36 – 52 inches of rain. Periods of drought can harm the tree while long periods of rain can cause diseases such as scab and canker for apple trees.
- New York gets 60 inches annually on average throughout the state.
- The Appalachian Mountains get the most rain.
- The western, northern, and eastern regions on the borders of Lake Ontario, Canada, and Vermont get the least amount of rain.
- Due to lake effects, the Finger Lakes region get a lot of snowfall, sometimes up to 150 inches.
New York Growing Zones for Fruit Trees
Growing zones help growers know which trees will thrive in their region, for example, certain peach trees with 5-8 growing zones, shouldn’t be planted in a 3b zone.
- New York state has a wide range of growing zones, 3b to 7b, since mountains, lakes, and wind systems greatly affect these regions.
- However, due to the creation of many cold hardy varieties, many trees can be grown throughout New York State.
The map below shows the diversity and complexity of the different regions in the state. While central and eastern portions of the state, including Albany and Syracuse can have temperatures dropping to -25°F, in the west, including Rochester and Buffalo, the lowest temperatures range from -10°F to -20°F. You can find the zone for your zip code here.
Best New York Fruit Trees For Sale
There are many trees that will grow well in New York State. However, in order to pick the right trees for your specific location and needs, you should also consider the following requirements or characteristics for each tree. You can read more about these considerations here.
- Chill Hours
- Disease Resistance
Since our nursery is located near the Finger Lakes, we are surrounded by not only apple orchards, but vineyards as well. Some of our favorite trees to grow in New York include these delicious and cold hardy varieties (some of which Cornell AgriTech developed).
- Cortland Apple
- Fingerlakes Super Hardy Peach Tree
- Fortune Apple
- Red Delicious Apple
- Golden Delicious Apple
- Stanley Plum (most cold hardy variety to grow in upstate NY)
- Kieffer Pear
- Red Maple
- Montmorency Cherry (can grow in upstate NY)
- North Star Cherry
- Black Tartarian Cherry (sweet and suitable for downstate NY)
- Bing Cherry (sweet and suitable for downstate NY)