Many years ago my dad and I planted about 60 apple trees in our backyard. We have been enjoying the huge delicious apples from these trees which are now much taller than I am! And as I pick the apples now, I remember the days I would hold the tree straight as my dad would fill the holes he dug around those small trees. We hope that this 10 step guide on how to plant apple trees will help you start the journey well with your new tree friends in the backyard.  – Mané Mehrabyan

How to Plant Apple Trees in 10 Steps

how to plant apple trees

How to Plant Apple Trees: Materials Needed

  • Another helper to hold the tree vertically (will need two sets of hands)
  • A bucket/bin to soak the tree roots in water
  • A shovel or spade for digging
  • For dwarf and semi-dwarf trees, a stake/post to place next to the tree
  • Something to bang the post in (a hammer or rock will do)
  • Tree ties to connect the stake to the tree
  • Tree guards for protecting against animal damage
  • 1-2 Gallons of Water

1. Prepare Tree

  • When the apple trees arrive (perhaps they will be in a box if you have ordered online) pull out the trees and place them in a cool (not freezing) place out of the sun, e.g. your garage.
  • If the apple trees have been in transport for more than 4 days, be sure to soak immediately in water for 6-24 hours and plant immediately after.
  • If you need to wait for more that a week to plant, be sure to keep the roots wet by spraying with water. Keep the roots in the plastic wrap so that they stay moist and healthy. You can keep the trees in a cool shaded basement or garage. Then soak in water and plant afterwards.
prepare tree how to plant

2. Prepare Soil

You should prepare the planting area before planting the tree.

  • Fruit trees grow best in well-draining, nutrient rich, loamy soil which is slightly acidic.
  • Different fruit trees vary in their preferred acidity but most will still grow tolerate soils in the range of 5.0-7.5.
  • Before planting, you can test the soil (you can use inexpensive DIY methods) for acidity, soil type, and drainage. 
  • Feel free to add organic matter such as compost to your soil to increase nutrients. However do not add fertilizer directly to the soil the tree’s roots will touch.
  • Till the soil so that the nutrients become integrated into the soil and the soil becomes less compact so that the roots grow well.
prepare soil

3. Dig

  • Dig a hole that is about 18” deep and 18” in diameter. Bring the soaking trees next to the planting site without the roots drying out.
dig hole how to plant fruit trees

4. Place

  • Put some soil in a cone shape in the hole so that when you place the tree down, the roots slope down and fan out. Trim the roots as needed so that they do not twist. This will enable the tree to spread its roots further. 
  • For grafted apple trees, the graft union where the rootstock meets the top of the tree should be about 2 inches above ground level. However, for seedlings which don’t have a union, just make sure that the roots are covered with soil.
  • If you cover the union then the tree will grow to a standard size and not have the characteristics of the rootstock.
place roots how to plant fruit trees

5. Stake

  • In order for the apple tree to be supported and grow straight, we recommend placing a stake next to it. This is applicable only if you have a dwarf or semi-dwarf tree.
  • Place a solid metal stake 8’-10’ tall next to the tree and pound it in. It should be secure and bear the weight of the tree. This step can also be done after you fill the tree in with soil.
stake tree

6. Fill

  • Holding the tree vertically, place the nutrient rich topsoil you dug out back near the roots. Once half the soil is placed around the tree, carefully press the soil down with your feet to destroy air pockets. Do NOT put fertilizer or compost into the hole where the roots are as this will damage the tree. 
  • Put the rest of the soil on top and press down repeatedly with your foot.
  • If the apple tree is on a slope, create a 2’ rim of soil around the tree above ground level to keep the water around the tree.
fill soil how to plant fruit trees

7. Water

  • Immediately after planting, water the tree with about 1-2 gallons of water. If the soil goes down, add more soil. 
  • For the first year, water about one to two times a week with 1-2 gallons of water. After the tree is established, you can water yourself only when the tree becomes stressed and experiences drought. 
water apple tree

8. Prune Apple Tree

  • Initial pruning is an important step in the planting process. Pruning during planting will help train the tree from the beginning into the shape that is best for it to bear fruit.
  • Apple trees are best grown in a pyramidal shape with a central leader.
  • Remove the lower branches that are growing less than 2 feet above the ground.
  • Then, prune back the central leader to 18 inches above the highest scaffold branch.
  • Cut scaffold branches that aren’t 45-60 degrees.
  • Finally, prune the scaffold branches so that they are 12″ long. Read more about how to prune an apple tree.
how to plant fruit trees

9. Protect

  • Immediately after planting the tree, place a tree guard around the trunk. This protects the tree from rabbits and rodents who will eat the bark and kill your tree. The tree guards should let air flow in. Mouse guards which rap around the bark are the best protectors. However we don’t recommended using them in the summer since insects can create habitats between the mouse guard and the bark. 
  • Cover the top of the soil near the tree with mulch so that the moisture stays in the soil. Moreover weeds are less likely to grow. The mulch should not touch the bark of the tree.
protect tree
when to plant apple trees

10. Most Important Step: Have Fun!

  • Now that you know how to plant apple trees, this last step is the most important. If it’s your first time planting, having fun and learning from your mistakes will help you and your trees enjoy the process.
  • So invite your friends or family, and together plant some trees! Don’t do it alone. I promise you it will be something you all will remember together, just like I still remember planting those apple trees with my dad.

You can read more in our growing guide about how to prune and take care of the tree. This will help your young tree survive, stay stimulated, and bear healthy fruit. If you would like to discover these and our fruit trees, explore our fruit tree catalog or shop page.